ESTEEM Academic Journal


ESTEEM  Academic Journal is an official academic publication of UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UiTM) Pulau Pinang.

ESTEEM provides an avenue for academicians and researchers to contribute and share their vast knowledge, ideas and opinions. This journal, which publishes original articles based on a broad general area, serves as a platform for scholars to disseminate information and latest findings on innovation in science and technology. Thus, ESTEEM welcomes unpublished academic manuscripts that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in engineering, science & technology. In order to maintain the quality of this journal, its editorial board has adopted an established policy of blind review process consisting of at least two peer reviewers per manuscript.

ESTEEM started its first print in year 2003 and has been published semi-annually since 2008. Previously, the first issue is focused on the field of engineering, science and technology, which make it appearance in June. The second issue, which is published around December, consists of collection of manuscripts related to the field of social sciences. In certain occasions, special issues are published around the month of March and September. Starting for the year 2017, ESTEEM will be split into; ESTEEM Academic Journal will focus on Science and Technology  with the theme is Innovation in Science and Technology ;and ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (EJSSH) will focus on social sciences issues.


SCOPE of publication

ESTEEM Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on innovation in Science and Technology that covers areas and disciplines of EngineeringComputer and Information SciencesHealth and Medical SciencesCognitive and Behavioral SciencesApplied Sciences and Application in Mathematics and Statistics. The journal is published twice a year and manuscripts may be submitted once the call-for-paper is announced.




Dear Authors,

We would like to invite you to submit your manuscripts for publication in the ESTEEM Academic Journal , UiTM Pulau Pinang, Volume 15, December 2019.

It is our pleasure to announce that ESTEEM is indexed in MyCite, Malaysian Citation Centre (MCC)Starting from 2019, any publication indexed by MyCite will be counted for MyRA score.

Thus, we would like to invite you to submit your quality manuscript for our next publication.  


VOLUME 15, JUNE 2019open access

Editorial Board, Foreword and Content

Optimisation of Glucose Templated Silica for Oil-Water Separation

Nurul Atiqah Mustaffa, Nur Hafizah Ab Hamid, Siti Nurehan Abd Jalil

Energy Production using Solar-powered Electrolyzer and Hydrogen Fuel Call

Teoh Wei Hern, Samihah Abdullah, Shabinar Abdul Hamid and Solahuddin Yusuf Fadhlullah

The UV Spectroscopic and Chromatographic Methods of Hydroalcoholic Extracts of Aloe Vera

Razuan Hilmi Md Sulji, Kathleen J. Jalani, Hannis Fadzillah Mohsin and Ibtisam Abdul Wahab

Evaluation of Extraction Solvent on Antioxidant Activity, Total Phrnolic and Total Flavonoid Content in Elaeis Guineensis

Wan Zuraida Wan Mohd Zain, Siti Nur Lisha Mohd Ghazali, Samsiah Jusoh

Statistical Modelling of Awareness on Risk Factors of Gastric Cancer : A Study on Youngsters in Melaka

Izni Syamsina Saari, Nor Adila Kedin, Ainon Syazana Ab Hamid and Mohd Amirul Atan

Modified Algorithm for Image Watermarking using 2D-DCT and Elgamal Cryptosystem

Nur Azien Yazid, Kamilah Abdullah and Suhaila Abd Halim

Effectiveness of Different High Temperatures to Control Stored-product Beetles (different species) on Stored Rice Grain

Normazura Ismail and Nur’Amira Hamid

Effect of Sugar Beet Pectin on Oil Uptake in Fried Banana and its Acceptability

Siti Suhara Ramli and Aini `Izzati Mohd Rosdi

VOLUME 14, DECEMBER 2018open access


Editorial Board, Foreword and Content


Identification of Compounds from the Illicium Extract
Fadzilah Haris­, Hannis Fadzillah Mohsin, Ibtisam Abdul Wahab

Consolidation of Calcium Phosphate Powder Through Microwave Sintering
Natasha Ahmad Nawawi, Ramesh Singh and Tan Chou Yong

Measuring Program Attainments (POs) of Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Environment) using OBE-ANAS v14.0 Tool
Mohaiyedin Idris, Aida Zulia Zulhanip, Nor Fadzilah Mokhtar, Wan Zuraida Wan Kamis, Norhusna Mohamad Nor

Utilization of Magnetic Sugarcane Baggase for Methylene Blue Dye Removal from Water: Equilibrium and Kinetic Studie

Nurul Izza Husin, Hami Hakimah Azmi, Nurafiqah Zawawi

Modelling Road Accidents in Malaysia
Aida Syamilah Mohd Nasir, Haziq Hamizan Husainizam, Nurul Sabrina Halim, Isnewati Ab Malek, Haslinda Ab Malek

Energy Efficiency in Green Building Materials Application for Low-Energy Indoor Eco-Friendly
Anas Zafirol Abdullah Halim, Mohd Fareh Majid, Muhammad Naim Mahyuddin

Audio Steganography Using Least Significant Bit and AES Cryptographic Algorithm
Nurul Hidayah Ahmad Zukri, Nur Khairani Kamarudin, Mohd Enif Izraf Ishak, Nor Aimuni Md Rash

Behavioral Pattern Analysis of the Zika Virus Disease: Its Prevention and Solution
Mohd Rahimie Bin Md Noor, Wan Nur Aliaa Bt Mohd Nor, Liyana Qadirah Bt Ab Kadir, , Ahmad Bukhari Bin Mohd Yasin, Mohd Azry Bin Abdul Malek

Solving River Blindness Disease in terms of Progression by using SIR

Mohd Rahimie Bin Md Noor, Siti Khadijah Binti Hamiri, Donna Anak Langgar@Jimun, Roslim Mohamad, Mohd Noor Azam Bin Nafi

An Investigation on the Lifestyle Factors Influencing the Body Mass Index (BMI) of Students in UiTM Melaka using Logistic Regression

Zaitul Anna Melisa Md Yasin, Didiemurni Ponliran, Tengku Siti Rahayu Tengku Ab. Rahaman, Zaidatul Azreen Zuliple



Abstracting and Indexing

It is our pleasure to announce that ESTEEM is now indexed in MyCite, Malaysian Citation Centre (MCC). For more information, please access the following links:


"UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA Pulau Pinang has entered into an electronic licensing relationship with EBSCO, the world's most prolific aggregator of full text journals, magazines and other sources."

1 Development of a New Toplogy of a Single Phase 21-level Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter for a Dual-Power PV-grid System Intan Rahayu Ibrahim, Mohd Najib Mohd Hussain, Zainal Hisham Che Soh, Mohd Affendi Shafie, Ahmad Maliki Omar

2 Breakdown Voltage for Amorphous Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Thin Film Prepared by Sol-Gel Dip Coating Technique

Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Nurudin Nazri Zulkefli, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin and Hashimah Hashim

3 Micro-computerized Tomography (micro-CT) analysis of the foramen-to-apex distance in relation to the radiographic status

Marlena Kamaruzaman*, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid

4 Reflux Extraction and Identification of Active Components from Tridax Procumbens

Nor Afiqah Latip, Noorzalila Muhammad Niza

5 Neurotoxicity, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Diptoindonesin E, Tetramer Resveratrol from Dipterocarpus Verrocosus

Wan Zuraida Wan Mohd Zain, Norizan Ahmat, Che Puteh Osman

6 Development of Cleanliness Framework for Malaysian Construction Industry

Siti Hafizan Hassan, Nurhidayati Mat Daud , Mohd Azrizal Fauzi, Mohd Zamir Bin Abd Halim

7 Developmental Cycle and Growth of Lucilia Cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) Fed on Heroin: Implications for Post-Mortem Interval (PMI) Estimation in Forensic Investigations

Nooratiny Ishak, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Siti Azizah Mohd Nor and Azwandi Ahmad

8 The Electrical, Optical and Physical Characterizations of Vanadium Dioxide Thin Films by Sol-Gel Spin Coating Method

Ibrahim Mohd Yazid, Illya, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin, Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Sukreen Hana Herman and Hashimah Hashim

9 Improving Layout and Workload of Manufacturing System in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) using Delmia Quest

Dzullijah Ibrahim, Alifah Alyana, Hasrul Hafizuddin Hassim, Yusli Yaakob, Hamid Yusuf

10 The Effects of Dispersants on Electrochemical Supercapacitor Properties of MWCNTs Film Prepared by AC-EPD Technique

Raja Hasnida Raja Hashim, Abd Hakim Hashim, Azmi Mohamed Yusof and Intan Syaffinazzilla Zaine