ESTEEM Academic Journal


ESTEEM  Academic Journal is an official academic publication of UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UiTM) Pulau Pinang. ESTEEM provides an avenue for academicians and researchers to contribute and share their vast knowledge, ideas and opinions. This journal, which publishes original articles based on a broad general area, serves as a platform for scholars to disseminate information and latest findings on innovation in science and technology. Thus, ESTEEM welcomes unpublished academic manuscripts that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in engineering, science & technology. In order to maintain the quality of this journal, its editorial board has adopted an established policy of double blind review process consisting of at least two peer reviewers per manuscript.

ESTEEM started its first print in year 2003 and has been published semi-annually since 2008. Previously, the first issue is focused on the field of engineering, science and technology, which make it appearance in June. The second issue, which is published around December, consists of collection of manuscripts related to the field of social sciences. In certain occasions, special issues are published around the month of March and September. Starting for the year 2017, ESTEEM will be split into; ESTEEM Academic Journal will focus on Science and Technology  with the theme is Innovation in Science and Technology ;and ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (EJSSH) will focus on social sciences issues. In 2021, ESTEEM Academic Journal is published biannually in March and August every year. Anyhow due to numerous request, starting 2022 we publish biannually in March and September.

SCOPE of publication

ESTEEM Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on innovation in Science and Technology that covers areas and disciplines as follows:

The journal is published TWICE a year and manuscripts may be submitted once the call-for-paper is announced.



Call for Papers: ESTEEM Academic Journal Volume 18, September 2022

Dear Authors,

We would like to invite you to submit your valuable manuscripts for publication in the ESTEEM Academic Journal , UiTM Pulau Pinang, Volume 18, September 2022. ESTEEM Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on Innovation in science and technology that covers areas and disciplines of Engineering, Computer and Information Sciences, Health and Medical Sciences, Applied Sciences and Application in Mathematics and Statistics. It is our pleasure to announce that ESTEEM is indexed in ASEAN Citation Index (ACI) and MyCite.

Thus, we would like to invite you to submit your quality manuscript for our next publication.



VOLUME 18, MARCH 2022open access

Editorial Board, Foreword and Content

Pb2+ Removal by Using Activated Coconut Waste Modified with Different Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Norhusna Mohamad Nor and Jama’Atul Hasanah Md Wazir

Evaluation of Heavy Metals Concentration in Different Local Brands of Selected Cleanser Products

Wan Noni Afida Ab Manan, Liyana Nafeesa Mohamad and Siti Fairuz Yusoff

The Application of DEA-ZOGP for the Optimization of Supplier Selection

Nur Rasyida Mohd Rashid, Bushra Abdul Halim, Wan Rosmanira Ismail, Iman Nabila Ahmad Sabri, Nur Effatin Natasya Mohd Erffa and Siti Nor Liyana Azmi

Prediction of Shear Strength of Concrete using the Artificial Neural Network

R.Rohim, S.F.Senin and N.F.Azman

The IOT Energy Monitoring System (EMOSY) using Energy Scavenging Concept

Nur Amalina Muhamad, Norhalida Othman, Ezril Hisham Mat Saat, Noor Hasliza Abdul Rahman and Masmaria Abdul Majid

Predicting Malaysian Crude Palm Oil Prices Using Intuitionistic Fuzzy Time Series Forecasting Model

Nik Muhammad Farhan Hakim Nik Badrul Alam, Nazirah Ramli and Asyura Abd Nassir

An Estimation of Jeram Sanitary Landfill Lifespan using Artificial Neural Network(ANN) Modelling Analysis

Nur Shafieza Azizan, Muhammad Ridzuan Tea Muhamad Ali Tea and Syahrul Fithry Senin

An Physical Properties of The Mature-Green Golden Apple (Spondias Cytherea Sonnerat)

Mohd Haris Ridzuan Ooi Abdullah and Ch’ng Pei Eng

Book Recommendation Based on Collaborative Filtering Technique

Norlina Mohd Sabri and Nurul Azeymasnita Jaffar

Spectrophotometric Method for Hydroquinone Determination in Skin Whitening Creams

Nur Syamimi Zainudin and Nur Farehah Azhar

Boundary Extraction of Abnormality Region in Breast Mammography Image using Active Contours

Noor Ain Syazwani Mohd Ghani, Abdul Kadir Jumaat and Rozi Mahmud

Molecular Docking Study of Naturally Derived ß-mangostin with Antiapoptotic Bcl-2 Proteins Toward Oral Cancer  Treatment

Mohamad Zakkirun Abdullah, Latifah Munirah Bakar, Solachuddin Jauhari Arief Ichwan, Noratikah Othman and Muhammad Taher

Finite Element Modeling of Non-Loaded Reinforced Concrete One-Way Slab Exposed to Fire

Norlizan Wahid and Tim Stratford

Evaluate of Air Quality Assessment in Seberang Jaya, Penang During Movement Control Order (MCO) 1.0

Mohamed Syazwan Osman, Tengku Shamim Amelin Tengku Zahidi, Khairunnisa Khairudin, Muhammad Ikhwan Nizam, Ahmad Zia ul-Saufie

In Vitro Antifungal Activities of C.sativum and C.aurantifolia against Aspergillus sp. of Onion Bulbs

Nurul Aimi Syazana Baba, Saiyidah Nafisah Hashim, Nur Nadirah Rodzali, Siti Nur Azmu’i Abdullah and Noor Amira Muhammad


Abstracting and Indexing




"UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA Pulau Pinang has entered into an electronic licensing relationship with EBSCO, the world's most prolific aggregator of full text journals, magazines and other sources."

1 Development of a New Toplogy of a Single Phase 21-level Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter for a Dual-Power PV-grid System Intan Rahayu Ibrahim, Mohd Najib Mohd Hussain, Zainal Hisham Che Soh, Mohd Affendi Shafie, Ahmad Maliki Omar

2 Breakdown Voltage for Amorphous Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Thin Film Prepared by Sol-Gel Dip Coating Technique

Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Nurudin Nazri Zulkefli, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin and Hashimah Hashim

3 Micro-computerized Tomography (micro-CT) analysis of the foramen-to-apex distance in relation to the radiographic status

Marlena Kamaruzaman*, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid

4 Reflux Extraction and Identification of Active Components from Tridax Procumbens

Nor Afiqah Latip, Noorzalila Muhammad Niza

5 Neurotoxicity, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Diptoindonesin E, Tetramer Resveratrol from Dipterocarpus Verrocosus

Wan Zuraida Wan Mohd Zain, Norizan Ahmat, Che Puteh Osman

6 Development of Cleanliness Framework for Malaysian Construction Industry

Siti Hafizan Hassan, Nurhidayati Mat Daud , Mohd Azrizal Fauzi, Mohd Zamir Bin Abd Halim

7 Developmental Cycle and Growth of Lucilia Cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) Fed on Heroin: Implications for Post-Mortem Interval (PMI) Estimation in Forensic Investigations

Nooratiny Ishak, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Siti Azizah Mohd Nor and Azwandi Ahmad

8 The Electrical, Optical and Physical Characterizations of Vanadium Dioxide Thin Films by Sol-Gel Spin Coating Method

Ibrahim Mohd Yazid, Illya, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin, Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Sukreen Hana Herman and Hashimah Hashim

9 Improving Layout and Workload of Manufacturing System in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) using Delmia Quest

Dzullijah Ibrahim, Alifah Alyana, Hasrul Hafizuddin Hassim, Yusli Yaakob, Hamid Yusuf

10 The Effects of Dispersants on Electrochemical Supercapacitor Properties of MWCNTs Film Prepared by AC-EPD Technique

Raja Hasnida Raja Hashim, Abd Hakim Hashim, Azmi Mohamed Yusof and Intan Syaffinazzilla Zaine