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ESTEEM Academic Journal

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ESTEEM  Academic Journal is an official academic publication of UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UiTM) Pulau Pinang. ESTEEM provides an avenue for academicians and researchers to contribute and share their vast knowledge, ideas and opinions. This journal, which publishes original articles based on a broad general area, serves as a platform for scholars to disseminate information and latest findings on innovation in science and technology. Thus, ESTEEM welcomes unpublished academic manuscripts that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in engineering, science & technology. In order to maintain the quality of this journal, its editorial board has adopted an established policy of double blind review process consisting of at least two peer reviewers per manuscript.

ESTEEM started its first print in year 2003 and has been published semi-annually since 2008. Previously, the first issue is focused on the field of engineering, science and technology, which make it appearance in June. The second issue, which is published around December, consists of collection of manuscripts related to the field of social sciences. In certain occasions, special issues are published around the month of March and September. Starting for the year 2017, ESTEEM will be split into; ESTEEM Academic Journal will focus on Science and Technology  with the theme is Innovation in Science and Technology ;and ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (EJSSH) will focus on social sciences issues. In 2021, ESTEEM Academic Journal is published biannually in March and August every year. Anyhow due to numerous request, starting 2022 we publish biannually in March and September.

SCOPE of publication

ESTEEM Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on innovation in Science and Technology that covers areas and disciplines as follows:

  • Engineering
  • Computer and Information Sciences
  • Health and Medical Sciences
  • Applied Sciences
  • Application in Mathematics and Statistics.

The journal is published TWICE a year and manuscripts may be submitted once the call-for-paper is announced.



Call for Papers: ESTEEM Academic Journal Volume 20, March 2024

Dear Authors,

We would like to invite you to submit your valuable manuscripts for publication in the ESTEEM Academic Journal , UiTM Pulau Pinang, Volume 20, March 2024.

ESTEEM Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on Innovation in science and technology that covers areas and disciplines of Engineering, Computer and Information Sciences, Health and Medical Sciences, Applied Sciences and Application in Mathematics and Statistics.

It is our pleasure to announce that ESTEEM is indexed in MyCite. Thus, we would like to invite you to submit your quality manuscript for our next publication. We will adopt a new OJS system from UiTM OJS for manuscript submission and a new EAJ journal template beginning in December 2023. For further information, please see the manuscript submission menu.



VOLUME 19, SEPTEMBER  2023 open access


Editorial Board, Foreword and Content

Variation in Air Void Content of Compacted Fill by Considering Variation in Particle Density

Badrul Nizam Ismail and Nurhanis Yahaya

Structural Performance of Reinforced Concrete Double Layer Bamboo Bubble Slab Under Uniformly Distributed Load

Mohd Samsudin Abdul Hamid, Muhammad Zaim Bin Zulkiple, Hafizah Muhammad Azlan, Noor Syafeekha Mohamad Sakdun

Effects of Various LED Light Colours on Yield and Physical Characteristics of White Oyster Mushrooms

Siti Nur Fathiha Abdullah, Hamid Yusoff, Koay Mei Hyie, Salina Budin and Sh Mohd Firdaus Sh Abdul Nasir

Optimization of an Industrial Methanol Reactor Using Aspen Plus Simulator and Design Expert

Mohd Azahar Mohd Ariff, Nor Adila Mohd Nasir, Zulkifli Abdul Rashid and Fakhrony Sholahudin Rohman

Characteristics of H2S at Low Adsorption Temperature using Nitrogen-enhanced Carbon Modified with Ni Nanoparticles

Norfazilah Abdullah and Norhusna Mohamad Nor

Manufacture of Automotive Component Using Reverse Engineering and Manufacturing Additive Techniques

Mohamad Irwan Yahaya, Zulhelmi Samsuddin, Ana Syahidah Mohd Rodzi, Abd. Rahman Hemdi, Muhamad Othman and Rizal Mohamed Noor

The Impact Study of Anti-Radiation Biomass Material on Partition Wall Absorption Performance

Norhayati binti Mohamad Noor, Hasnain bin Abdullah@ Idris, Mohd Nasir bin Taib, Nabila Husna binti Mustapar, Linda binti Mohd Kasim, Azizah binti Ahmad, Nazirah binti Mohamat Kasim and Noor Azila binti Ismail

Absorbing Markov Chain Saliency Driven Active Contour Model for Digital Image Boundary Extraction

Muhammad Syukri Mazlin, Abdul Kadir Jumaat and Rohana Embong

The Effect of Dual Fuel Producer Gases with Y-Shaped Mixing Chamber on Single Cylinder Spark Ignition Engine Operation

Mahadzir M.M, Faiz M.F., Ismail N.I., Basri M.H. and Mohamad S.

Comparative Analysis on Shoreline Changes in Kelantan, Malaysia Using Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS)

Muhammad Zakwan Anas Abd Wahid, Mohamed Syazwan Osman and Samsul Setumin

Implementation of String Inverters for 50 MW Large Scale Solar Power Plant in Malaysia

Mohd Najib Mohd Hussain, Irfanudin Nor Anwar, Mashitah Mohd Hussain, Nor Adni Mat Leh and Intan Rahayu Ibrahim

Development of the Mobile Vision Enhancement System (MOVES) for Sight-Assist Mechanism

Mohd Rizman Sultan Mohd, Muhammad Akmal Mazlan, Juliana Johari, and Fazlina Ahmat Ruslan

Stability Analysis of Mass Transfer Effects on the Unsteady Stagnation-Point Flow Past a Permeable Sheet

Nur Syazana Rosly, Noraini Ahmad, Syakila Ahmad and Norshafira Ramli

Abstracting and Indexing





"UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA Pulau Pinang has entered into an electronic licensing relationship with EBSCO, the world's most prolific aggregator of full text journals, magazines and other sources."

1 Development of a New Toplogy of a Single Phase 21-level Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter for a Dual-Power PV-grid System Intan Rahayu Ibrahim, Mohd Najib Mohd Hussain, Zainal Hisham Che Soh, Mohd Affendi Shafie, Ahmad Maliki Omar

2 Breakdown Voltage for Amorphous Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Thin Film Prepared by Sol-Gel Dip Coating Technique

Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Nurudin Nazri Zulkefli, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin and Hashimah Hashim

3 Micro-computerized Tomography (micro-CT) analysis of the foramen-to-apex distance in relation to the radiographic status

Marlena Kamaruzaman*, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid

4 Reflux Extraction and Identification of Active Components from Tridax Procumbens

Nor Afiqah Latip, Noorzalila Muhammad Niza

5 Neurotoxicity, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Diptoindonesin E, Tetramer Resveratrol from Dipterocarpus Verrocosus

Wan Zuraida Wan Mohd Zain, Norizan Ahmat, Che Puteh Osman

6 Development of Cleanliness Framework for Malaysian Construction Industry

Siti Hafizan Hassan, Nurhidayati Mat Daud , Mohd Azrizal Fauzi, Mohd Zamir Bin Abd Halim

7 Developmental Cycle and Growth of Lucilia Cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) Fed on Heroin: Implications for Post-Mortem Interval (PMI) Estimation in Forensic Investigations

Nooratiny Ishak, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Siti Azizah Mohd Nor and Azwandi Ahmad

8 The Electrical, Optical and Physical Characterizations of Vanadium Dioxide Thin Films by Sol-Gel Spin Coating Method

Ibrahim Mohd Yazid, Illya, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin, Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Sukreen Hana Herman and Hashimah Hashim

9 Improving Layout and Workload of Manufacturing System in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) using Delmia Quest

Dzullijah Ibrahim, Alifah Alyana, Hasrul Hafizuddin Hassim, Yusli Yaakob, Hamid Yusuf

10 The Effects of Dispersants on Electrochemical Supercapacitor Properties of MWCNTs Film Prepared by AC-EPD Technique

Raja Hasnida Raja Hashim, Abd Hakim Hashim, Azmi Mohamed Yusof and Intan Syaffinazzilla Zaine