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ESTEEM Academic Journal

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ESTEEM  Academic Journal is an official academic publication of UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UiTM) Pulau Pinang. ESTEEM provides an avenue for academicians and researchers to contribute and share their vast knowledge, ideas and opinions. This journal, which publishes original articles based on a broad general area, serves as a platform for scholars to disseminate information and latest findings on innovation in science and technology. Thus, ESTEEM welcomes unpublished academic manuscripts that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in engineering, science & technology. In order to maintain the quality of this journal, its editorial board has adopted an established policy of double blind review process consisting of at least two peer reviewers per manuscript.

ESTEEM started its first print in year 2003 and has been published semi-annually since 2008. Previously, the first issue is focused on the field of engineering, science and technology, which make it appearance in June. The second issue, which is published around December, consists of collection of manuscripts related to the field of social sciences. In certain occasions, special issues are published around the month of March and September. Starting for the year 2017, ESTEEM will be split into; ESTEEM Academic Journal will focus on Science and Technology  with the theme is Innovation in Science and Technology ;and ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (EJSSH) will focus on social sciences issues. In 2021, ESTEEM Academic Journal is published biannually in March and August every year. Anyhow due to numerous request, starting 2022 we publish biannually in March and September.

SCOPE of publication

ESTEEM Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on innovation in Science and Technology that covers areas and disciplines as follows:

  • Engineering
  • Computer and Information Sciences
  • Health and Medical Sciences
  • Applied Sciences
  • Application in Mathematics and Statistics.

The journal is published TWICE a year and manuscripts may be submitted once the call-for-paper is announced.



Call for Papers: ESTEEM Academic Journal Volume 19, September 2023

Dear Authors,

We would like to invite you to submit your valuable manuscripts for publication in the ESTEEM Academic Journal , Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Pulau Pinang, Volume 19, September 2023. ESTEEM Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on innovation in science and technology that covers areas and disciplines of Engineering, Computer and Information Sciences, Health and Medical Sciences, Applied Sciences and Application in Mathematics and Statistics.

It is our pleasure to announce that ESTEEM is indexed in Asean Citation Index (ACI), MyCite, Malaysian Citation Centre (MCC) and Institutional Repository University (indexed by Google Scholar).

Thus, we would like to invite you to submit your quality manuscript for our next publication.


We look forward to hearing from you.

VOLUME 19, MARCH  2023 open access

Editorial Board, Foreword and Content

Laboratory and Numerical Analysis on The Effect of Using Coconut Fibre as Additive Towards Residual Shear Strength of Soil for Slope Construction

Juhaizad Ahmad, Nurfarihah Raihan Rughan, Anas Ibrahim, Mohd Ikmal Fazlan Rosli and Abdul Samad Abdul Rahman

Effects of ZnCl2 Catalyst Loading in Hydrothermal Carbonization of Cotton Textile Waste to Produce Hydrochars

Muhammad Kasyfil Adha Rosly, Wan Zuraida Wan Kamis, Nur Alwani Bashah, Norain Isa, Vicinisvarri Inderan and Azam Taufik Mohd Din

Transformation of Physical Characteristics in Fired Clay Bricks by Adopting Waste-based Fluxing Agent

Mazlini Mazlan, Rabiatul Adawiyah Abdul Wahab, Nur Syafiqa Hamiza Sanusi, Nur Hanis Syazwani Mohd Nasli and Nurul Athirah Balqis Junaizi

The Effect of Gate Geometric Effect and Polysilicon Doping on the Performance of Scaled NMOS

M. L. N. H. Kamarudin, A. F. Abd Rahim, N. S. Mohd Razali, R. Radzali, A. Mahmood, I. H Hamzah, M. Idris and M. F. Packeer Mohamed

Influence of Sodium Silicate, Sodium Aluminate, and Filicium Decipiens Charcoal on The Conductivity of Artificial Zeolite

Sudibyo, Nindia Agustin, Pulung Karo Karo, Suprihatin, Fakhrony Sholahudin Rohman and Nur Alwani Ali Bashah

Analysis of Flexible Silver-printed NFC Tag Antenna on Miniaturization and Bending Effect

Najwa Mohd Faudzi, Ahmad Rashidy Razali, Asrulnizam Abdul Manaf, Nurul Huda Abd Rahman, Ahmad Azlan Aziz, Amiruddin Ibrahim and Aiza Mahyuni Mozi

Producer Gas Composition Prediction using Artificial Neural Network Algorithm

Mahadzir M.M, Syaham M.M., Fohimi N.A.M., Rabilah R. and Iqbal A.M.

Investigation on the Physicochemical Properties of Blended Algae-Diesel Fuel with Nanoparticles Additive Using Mixture Design Method

Hazim Sharudin, Noor Iswadi Ismail, Sharzali Che Mat, Nurul Nabilah Khairul Salleh, and Abdul Hadi Abdol Rahim

Resistivity Determination of Railway Track’s Subgrade

Anas Ibrahim, Azura Ahmad, Muhammad Luqman Azuddin Fitri, Noryani Natasha Yahaya, Faizah Kamarudin, and Muhammad Sofian Abdullah

Comparative Analysis of LPC and MFCC for Male Speaker Recognition in Text-Independent Context

Mohamad Khairul Najmi Zailan, Yusnita Mohd Ali, Emilia Noorsal, Mohd Hanapiah Abdullah, Zuraidi Saad, and Adni Mat Leh

Abstracting and Indexing





"UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA Pulau Pinang has entered into an electronic licensing relationship with EBSCO, the world's most prolific aggregator of full text journals, magazines and other sources."

1 Development of a New Toplogy of a Single Phase 21-level Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter for a Dual-Power PV-grid System Intan Rahayu Ibrahim, Mohd Najib Mohd Hussain, Zainal Hisham Che Soh, Mohd Affendi Shafie, Ahmad Maliki Omar

2 Breakdown Voltage for Amorphous Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Thin Film Prepared by Sol-Gel Dip Coating Technique

Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Nurudin Nazri Zulkefli, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin and Hashimah Hashim

3 Micro-computerized Tomography (micro-CT) analysis of the foramen-to-apex distance in relation to the radiographic status

Marlena Kamaruzaman*, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid

4 Reflux Extraction and Identification of Active Components from Tridax Procumbens

Nor Afiqah Latip, Noorzalila Muhammad Niza

5 Neurotoxicity, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Diptoindonesin E, Tetramer Resveratrol from Dipterocarpus Verrocosus

Wan Zuraida Wan Mohd Zain, Norizan Ahmat, Che Puteh Osman

6 Development of Cleanliness Framework for Malaysian Construction Industry

Siti Hafizan Hassan, Nurhidayati Mat Daud , Mohd Azrizal Fauzi, Mohd Zamir Bin Abd Halim

7 Developmental Cycle and Growth of Lucilia Cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) Fed on Heroin: Implications for Post-Mortem Interval (PMI) Estimation in Forensic Investigations

Nooratiny Ishak, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Siti Azizah Mohd Nor and Azwandi Ahmad

8 The Electrical, Optical and Physical Characterizations of Vanadium Dioxide Thin Films by Sol-Gel Spin Coating Method

Ibrahim Mohd Yazid, Illya, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin, Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Sukreen Hana Herman and Hashimah Hashim

9 Improving Layout and Workload of Manufacturing System in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) using Delmia Quest

Dzullijah Ibrahim, Alifah Alyana, Hasrul Hafizuddin Hassim, Yusli Yaakob, Hamid Yusuf

10 The Effects of Dispersants on Electrochemical Supercapacitor Properties of MWCNTs Film Prepared by AC-EPD Technique

Raja Hasnida Raja Hashim, Abd Hakim Hashim, Azmi Mohamed Yusof and Intan Syaffinazzilla Zaine