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ESTEEM Academic Journal

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ESTEEM  Academic Journal is an official academic publication of UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UiTM) Pulau Pinang. ESTEEM provides an avenue for academicians and researchers to contribute and share their vast knowledge, ideas and opinions. This journal, which publishes original articles based on a broad general area, serves as a platform for scholars to disseminate information and latest findings on innovation in science and technology. Thus, ESTEEM welcomes unpublished academic manuscripts that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in engineering, science & technology. In order to maintain the quality of this journal, its editorial board has adopted an established policy of double blind review process consisting of at least two peer reviewers per manuscript.

ESTEEM started its first print in year 2003 and has been published semi-annually since 2008. Previously, the first issue is focused on the field of engineering, science and technology, which make it appearance in June. The second issue, which is published around December, consists of collection of manuscripts related to the field of social sciences. In certain occasions, special issues are published around the month of March and September. Starting for the year 2017, ESTEEM will be split into; ESTEEM Academic Journal will focus on Science and Technology  with the theme is Innovation in Science and Technology ;and ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (EJSSH) will focus on social sciences issues. In 2021, ESTEEM Academic Journal is published biannually in March and August every year. Anyhow due to numerous request, starting 2022 we publish biannually in March and September.

SCOPE of publication

ESTEEM Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on innovation in Science and Technology that covers areas and disciplines as follows:

  • Engineering
  • Computer and Information Sciences
  • Health and Medical Sciences
  • Applied Sciences
  • Application in Mathematics and Statistics.

The journal is published TWICE a year and manuscripts may be submitted once the call-for-paper is announced.



Call for Papers: ESTEEM Academic Journal Volume 20, September 2024

Dear Authors,

We would like to invite you to submit your valuable manuscripts for publication in the ESTEEM Academic Journal , UiTM Pulau Pinang, Volume 20, September 2024. ESTEEM Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on Innovation in science and technology that covers areas and disciplines of Engineering, Computer and Information Sciences, Health and Medical Sciences, Applied Sciences and Application in Mathematics and Statistics. It is our pleasure to announce that ESTEEM is indexed in MyCite. Thus, we would like to invite you to submit your quality manuscript for our next publication.


Manuscript Submission, starting December 2023, prospective authors of EAJ are required to use the new UiTM OJS system to submit their valuable manuscript.


VOLUME 20, MARCH 2024open access

Editorial Board, Foreword and Content

Development of an electrochemical immunosensor using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for the detection of apolipoprotein AI (ApoAI) in chicken blood plasma

Nurhazirah Azmi, Siti Aimi Sarah Zainal Abidin, Low Kim Fatt, Abdul Hadi Mahmud, Nur Izzati Gati, Saiful Anuar Karsani

Flood damage cost prediction using random forest

Ainul Najwa Azahari, Norlina Mohd Sabri

Biopolymer-based composite adsorbent beads for the removal of methylene blue dyes

Anis Nazira Alizan, Faraziehan Senusi, Nurulhuda Amri, Mohammad Shahadat

The optimization of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) pre-treatment for reducing sugar production from rice husk using response surface methodology (RSM)

Nurul Khairani Aziz, Siti Sabrina Mohd Sukri, Wan Shahril Faizal Wan Yaacob

Free fatty acid-rich oils as potential benign organic solvent for dyes removal in solvent extraction system

Siti Fatimah Abdul Halim, Siti Aishah Yusuf, Chang Siu Hua, Nurulhuda Amri

The effect of voltage on polypropylene microplastics removal by electrocoagulation process using Fe electrode

Norfaezatul Alysa Othman, Norain Isa, Nurulhuda Amri, Nor Aimi Abdul Wahab, Nurulhuda Bashirom

Surface-enhanced raman spectroscopy with machine learning in non-invasive detection of dengue-NS1 fingerprint

Afaf Rozan Mohd Radzol, Khuan Y Lee, Peng Shyan Wong, Irene Looi, Wahidah Mansor

Modification of the coffee industry sludge-based adsorbent using acid treatment for the removal of tartrazine dye from aqueous solution

Muhammad Firdaus Mohamad Pesol, Nurulhuda Amri, Faraziehan Senusi, Siti Fatimah Abdul Halim, Mohamad Sabri Mohamad Sidik

Abstracting and Indexing





"UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA Pulau Pinang has entered into an electronic licensing relationship with EBSCO, the world's most prolific aggregator of full text journals, magazines and other sources."

1 Development of a New Toplogy of a Single Phase 21-level Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter for a Dual-Power PV-grid System Intan Rahayu Ibrahim, Mohd Najib Mohd Hussain, Zainal Hisham Che Soh, Mohd Affendi Shafie, Ahmad Maliki Omar

2 Breakdown Voltage for Amorphous Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Thin Film Prepared by Sol-Gel Dip Coating Technique

Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Nurudin Nazri Zulkefli, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin and Hashimah Hashim

3 Micro-computerized Tomography (micro-CT) analysis of the foramen-to-apex distance in relation to the radiographic status

Marlena Kamaruzaman*, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid

4 Reflux Extraction and Identification of Active Components from Tridax Procumbens

Nor Afiqah Latip, Noorzalila Muhammad Niza

5 Neurotoxicity, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Diptoindonesin E, Tetramer Resveratrol from Dipterocarpus Verrocosus

Wan Zuraida Wan Mohd Zain, Norizan Ahmat, Che Puteh Osman

6 Development of Cleanliness Framework for Malaysian Construction Industry

Siti Hafizan Hassan, Nurhidayati Mat Daud , Mohd Azrizal Fauzi, Mohd Zamir Bin Abd Halim

7 Developmental Cycle and Growth of Lucilia Cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) Fed on Heroin: Implications for Post-Mortem Interval (PMI) Estimation in Forensic Investigations

Nooratiny Ishak, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Siti Azizah Mohd Nor and Azwandi Ahmad

8 The Electrical, Optical and Physical Characterizations of Vanadium Dioxide Thin Films by Sol-Gel Spin Coating Method

Ibrahim Mohd Yazid, Illya, Shafinaz Sobihana Shariffudin, Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Sukreen Hana Herman and Hashimah Hashim

9 Improving Layout and Workload of Manufacturing System in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) using Delmia Quest

Dzullijah Ibrahim, Alifah Alyana, Hasrul Hafizuddin Hassim, Yusli Yaakob, Hamid Yusuf

10 The Effects of Dispersants on Electrochemical Supercapacitor Properties of MWCNTs Film Prepared by AC-EPD Technique

Raja Hasnida Raja Hashim, Abd Hakim Hashim, Azmi Mohamed Yusof and Intan Syaffinazzilla Zaine